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Global summit highlights solutions to end violence against children， calls for accelerated action
１６ 国際保健医療６ 学会・研究会・会議
Global summit highlights solutions to end violence against children, calls for accelerated action
Globally, up to 1 billion children aged 2-17 years - or one in two children - have suffered physical, sexual or emotional violence or neglect in the past year. WHO will be joining global efforts this week aimed at promoting solutions, and reinforcing global commitments, to end all forms of violence against children.
WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus will participate in The Agenda 2030 for Children: End Violence Solutions Summit, an event hosted by the Government of Sweden, the Global Partnership to End Violence against Children, and WePROTECT Global Alliance in Stockholm on 14-15 February. Also participating will be HM Queen Silvia of Sweden, 30 ministers, the heads of UNICEF and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, as well as senior officials from development agencies, foundations and NGOs.
Violence is the second leading cause of death in boys aged 10-19 years, with a global homicide rate for that age group of 7 per 100 000 population. Across their lives, more than 1 in 5 children have experienced physical abuse, while more than 1 in 3 children have experienced emotional abuse. Around 18% of girls and 8% of boys have experienced sexual abuse. Dr Etienne Krug, from WHO, says experiencing violence in childhood has lifelong impacts on the health and well-being of children, their families and communities.
"We must not tolerate that half of the world's children suffer violence each year," explains Dr Krug, Director of the WHO Department for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention. "The sad fact is that we know what needs to be done, yet we do not do it. Violence is not inevitable. Its causes are understood and it can be prevented; only the will is needed."
"Evidence-based measures include those reflected in the WHO-led INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children, namely: • Implementing and enforcing laws (e.g. banning violent discipline and restricting access to alcohol and firearms); • Norms and values change (e.g. altering norms that condone the sexual abuse of girls, or aggressive behaviour among boys); • Safe environments (e.g. identifying neighbourhood "hot spots" for violence and then addressing the local causes through problem-oriented policing and other interventions); • Parent and caregiver support (e.g. through the provision of parent training to young, first time parents) • Income and economic strengthening (e.g. providing cash transfers to families on the condition that their children attend school); • Response services provision (e.g. ensuring that children who are exposed to violence receive effective emergency care and appropriate psychosocial support), and • Education and life skills (e.g. providing children with life and social skills training, including the skills to manage emotions, maintain self-control, empathize with others and express themselves assertively). Strong evidence shows that the consequences of violence go much beyond death and injury because children who are exposed to violence are more likely to smoke, misuse alcohol and drugs, and engage in high-risk sexual behaviour. They are also more likely to attempt suicide and endure a range of illnesses later in the life. These include anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease, cancer and HIV.
WHO's work on violence prevention is reflected in its Global plan of action to strengthen the role of the health system to address violence and in its 13th General Programme of Work2019-2023. RELATED LINKS